|Date of Publication:||September 2009|
|First date of review||April 2020|
York Learning is committed to a zero tolerance approach of abuse, neglect, exploitation or radicalisation within our organisation.
In providing learning and skills provision for the people of York, York Learning has a statutory duty to safeguard and protect the well-being of the children, young people and vulnerable adults they work with.
The guidelines set out below should be followed if there is reason to expect that any abuse, potential abuse, neglect, exploitation or radicalisation is taking, or has taken place. In addition to this staff should be aware of the behaviour expected of them and this is set out in the Behaviours guidance in Annex 4.
The Children Act 1989 defines a ‘child’ as a person under the age of 18
A vulnerable adult is defined by the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act as a person who is aged 18 years or over and who is:
Detailed definition taken from the Vetting & Barring Scheme review February 2011
Section 11 of the Children Act 2004 places a duty on all agencies to make arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
This duty is part of a comprehensive programme of change which began with the publication of Every Child Matters: Change for Children (September 2003) focusing on improving the following outcomes for children and young people:
Inter-agency arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children are coordinated and monitored through the City of York Safeguarding Children Board.
Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined as:
(City of York Safeguarding Children Board: http://saferchildrenyork.org.uk )
Safeguarding Adults work means ‘all work which enables an adult to retain independence, well-being and choice and to be able to live a life that is free from abuse and neglect’. It is about preventing abuse and neglect as well as promoting good practice for responding to concerns on a multi-agency basis.
(City of York Council Safeguarding Adults Board: http://safeguardingadultsyork.org.uk)
Inter-agency arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of vulnerable adults are coordinated and monitored through the Safeguarding Adults Board for York.
The Department of Health identifies six categories of abuse:
*Only the first four are used in relation to child protection. See annex 2 for further details of types of abuse and some possible indicators.
Some staff work directly with children and young people, for example:
Even if you don’t work directly with children, you will be in contact with adults who are the parents of children. You need to know what to do if, for example, you observe or overhear something that leads you to suspect that a child at home is being abused or neglected.
Increasingly, our services are being used by vulnerable adults and most staff are likely to come into contact at some point with someone who fits one or more of the definitions of ‘vulnerable’, some on a regular basis. You need to know what to do if, for example, a vulnerable person makes an allegation of abuse against someone who is helping to look after them.
Working with a range of people who are potentially vulnerable, we have the opportunity and a duty to know what we are looking for, spot the early signs, and share any concerns about anyone we suspect is being radicalised or susceptible to extremism. In addition, our student body might be a key source of information, at an early stage, about concerning behaviour which contravenes ‘British Values’ and which may lead to a threat to themselves or others. It is important to report concerns before the point of crisis.
British Values are defined as democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance for those with different faiths and beliefs.
Extremism is vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values and calls for the death of members of our armed forces, whether in this country or overseas.
Prevent forms part of our safeguarding / area of concern policy and procedure and reporting system we use to highlight behaviour that causes concern to tutors, other staff or learners, and where we think there is a threat to the individual or to other students. See also the York Learning Prevent policy.
Allegations of abuse and reporting suspicion of abuse – what to do
All members of staff need to think of themselves as ‘alerters’ whose role in relation to safeguarding and Prevent is to:
It is telling someone about your concerns or suspicions. Everyone who works with children, young people and vulnerable adults has a duty to share their concerns, even if the person concerned asks them not to. You should always inform children, young people and vulnerable adults of this duty.
Any allegation by a child, young person or vulnerable adult that he/she has been abused or coerced in to doing something against their will should be taken very seriously even if they later deny it or claim to have made up their original allegation. Children, young people and vulnerable adults who have been abused or are being radicalised have often been threatened about the consequences of reporting it. They are often frightened and may want to take back what they have said.
When you become aware of abuse, neglect, extremism or radicalisation, you should make sure that emergency assistance (if required) is summoned and that your concerns are reported to the appropriate York Learning designated person for safeguarding immediately. The designated person will advise on the course of action to be taken and may decide to refer the incident to the appropriate safeguarding body.
The designated persons for Safeguarding are:
Safeguarding Leads and second designated person for all groups:
Angela Padfield (01904 555987 or 07919090047) & Colette Gray (01904 555849 or 07812 986555)
Vulnerable Adults & Children
Jill Murphy on 01904 554236 or 07798 660109
Sarah Robson and Alison Thorne on 01904 551056
You can also email safeguarding and Prevent concerns which don’t involve a threat of immediate harm to the safeguarding team at email@example.com
If you have serious concerns that the child, young person or vulnerable adult is at immediate risk of significant harm and our designated person is not available, you should ring one of the following numbers:
The Children’s Social Services Referral and Assessment Team (Children’s Front Door)
Adults Social Services Initial Assessment & Safeguarding Team:
Reporting and preventing radicalisation, terrorist and extremist behaviour. If you are unsure or suspicious about somebody’s activities or behaviour, however insignificant it may seem at the time, please report your concerns to your designated lead. If you feel this cannot wait please contact the Anti-Terrorist Hotline on 0800 789 321.
In all cases, dial 999 if there is an immediate threat to life.
For any Safeguarding incidents where there is not an immediate threat to life but which may involve a crime, contact should be made with the Police by dialling 101. It should be made clear that the report is about a Safeguarding issue and an incident number should be requested.
If you suspect abuse, neglect or radicalisation such as, for instance, seeing a child, young person or vulnerable adult with an injury, it may be appropriate to make general enquires. In many situations doubts and suspicions grow gradually, with an accurate picture only developing over a period of time. It is therefore important to be vigilant when suspicions are aroused (see annex 2). If you have concerns but are not sure whether a referral should be made, it is important that you discuss your concerns with one of the service’s designated persons (see p.6). However, if no designated persons are available, do not delay registering your concerns; instead, you should contact Adults or Children’s Social Services or the Anti-Terrorist hotline direct (see p.6 for contact details).
All roles working unsupervised with children, young people or vulnerable adults will require an application from, role description and person specification.
Application Forms will include the following information
(See also CYC recruitment policies.)
All staff working directly with children, young people or vulnerable adults, whether paid or voluntary, will be subject to DBS checks and other clearance required under the terms of the Children Act (1989) and by OFSTED. Applicants will be advised that positions are exempt from the provisions of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.
No person will be accepted for work, paid or otherwise, if: –
All staff working directly with children, young people and vulnerable adults, whether paid or voluntary, will have appropriate, recognised qualifications/training and/or experience.
All staff working with children, young people and vulnerable adults will receive information about safeguarding and Prevent prior to starting work.
All staff working with children, young people and vulnerable adults are expected to have completed an appropriate safeguarding basic awareness training course, including awareness of Prevent, prior to commencing employment. Staff are also expected to complete a refresher / update course at least once every three years.
Allegations may be made against staff working with children, young people and/or vulnerable adults in a paid or voluntary capacity concerning ill treatment or abuse.
Any concerns or information regarding a member of staff should be reported to the designated person without delay.
The designated person will inform, and seek advice from, the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO)
The designated person should make no attempt to undertake enquiries or seek to determine the validity of the allegation at this stage. S/he may, however, need to take immediate safety measures such as the removal of the member of staff from the premises and any evidence should be secured and preserved e.g. mobile telephone, computer – subject to advice from the police or LADO
Prior to contacting the LADO the designated person should gather the following information including:
A full record of the concern/ allegation must be made which is timed, dated, and signed.
The designated person must consult with the LADO within one working day of an allegation being made.
The procedures outlined in the City of York Safeguarding Children Board: Allegations Against Professionals guidance will then be followed.
Allegations against staff can be very distressing and stressful – the York Learning nominated representative to provide support for staff whilst an allegation is being investigated is Colette Gray.
Sessional Childcare Media Policy